The Reality Of Jesus An Essay In Christology

Jesus/Christology Bibliography

Andrew T. Dolan, M.A., ABD
La Salle University


1.“Historical” Jesus


Bammel, Ernst and C. F. D. Moule, Eds.Jesus and the Politics of His Day.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Banks, Robert.Jesus and the Law in the Synoptic Tradition.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

Barrett, C. K.Jesus and the Gospel Tradition.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1968.

Borg, Marcus J.Conflict, Holiness, and Politics in the Teaching of Jesus.New York:Mellen, 1984.

——.Jesus:A New Vision.New York:Harper Collins, 1987.

——.Meeting Jesus Again for the First Time.The Historical Jesus and the Heart of Contemporary Faith.HarperSanFrancisco, 1994.

Bornkamm, Günter.Jesus of Nazareth.New York:Harper, 1960.

Bowker, John.Jesus and the Pharisees.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.

Braaten, C. E.and R. A. Harrisville, eds.The Historical Jesus and the Kerygmatic Christ:Essays on the New Quest for the Historical Jesus.New York:Abingdon, 1964.

Brandon, S. G. F.Jesus and the Zealots.New York:Scribner, 1967.

Braun, Herbert.Jesus of Nazareth.The Man and His Time.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1979.

Brown, Raymond E.The Birth of the Messiah.A Commentary on the Infancy Narratives in Matthew and Luke.Rev. ed.Mahwah, NJ:Paulist, 1994.

——.The Death of the Messiah.From Gethsemane to the Grave:A Commentary on the Passion Narratives in the Four Gospels.2 vols.Mahwah, NJ:Paulist, 1994.

Buchanan, George W.Jesus:The King and His Kingdom.Macon, GA:Mercer, 1984.

Bultmann, Rudolf.Jesus and the Word.New York:Scribner, 1958 (1934).

Charlesworth, James H. (ed.).Jesus’ Jewishness.Exploring the Place of Jesus within Early Judaism.New York:Crossroad, 1991.

Cook, Michael J.Mark’s Treatment of the Jewish Leaders.Leiden:Brill, 1978.

Cook, Michael L.The Jesus of Faith.New York:Paulist, 1981.

Crossan, John Dominic.The Historical Jesus.The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant.New York:Harper Collins, 1991.

-----, Luke Timothy Johnson, and Werner H. Kelber.The Jesus Controversy.Perspectives in Conflict.Harrisburg, PA:Trinity Press International, 1999.

Dodd, C. H.The Founder of Christianity.New York:Macmillan, 1970.

Dunn, James D. G.Jesus, Paul, and the Law.Louisville:Westminster/John Knox, 1990.

Efroymson, David P.“Jesus:Opposition and Opponents.”In Within Context:Essays on Jews and Judaism in the New Testament, eds. D. P. Efroymson et al., 85-103.A Michael Glazier Book.Collegeville, MN:Liturgical Press, 1993.

Evans, Craig A.Life of Jesus Research:An Annotated Bibliography.NT Tools and Studies 13.Leiden:Brill, 1989.

——.“Life-of-Jesus Research and the Eclipse of Mythology.”Theological Studies 54 (1993): 3-36.

Fredriksen, Paula. Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews:A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity.New York:Knopf, 1999.

Freyne, Sean.Galilee, Jesus, and the Gospels.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1988.

Galvin, John P.“From the Humanity of Christ to the Jesus of History:A Paradigm Shift in Catholic Christology.”Theological Studies 55 (1994):252-273.

Goergen, Donald J.The Mission and Ministry of Jesus.Wilmington, DE:Glazier, 1986.

Grant, Michael.Jesus.An Historian’s Review of the Gospels.New York: Scribner, 1977.

Harvey, A. E.Jesus and the Constraints of History.London:Duckworth, 1982.

Hengel, Martin.Victory over Violence:Jesus and the Revolutionists.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1973.

——.Was Jesus a Revolutionist?Philadelphia:Fortress, 1971.

Horsley, Richard A.Jesus and the Spiral of Violence.Popular Jewish Resistance in Roman Palestine.New York:Harper, 1987; Philadelphia:Fortress, 1993.

Jeremias, Joachim.New Testament Theology:The Proclamation of Jesus.New York:Scribner, 1971.

Johnson, Luke Timothy.The Real Jesus.The Misguided Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Truth of the Traditional Gospels.HarperSanFrancisco, 1996.

Kasper, Walter.Jesus the Christ.New York:Paulist, 1976.

Klausner, Joseph.Jesus of Nazareth.Boston:Beacon, 1964 (1925)

Küng, Hans.On Being a Christian.New York:Doubleday, 1976.

Lane, Dermot.The Reality of Jesus.New York:Paulist, 1975.

Lapide, Pinchas and Ulrich Luz.Jesus in Two Perspectives.Minneapolis, MN:Augsburg, 1985.

Machovec, Milan.A Marxist Looks at Jesus.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1976.

Mack, Burton.A Myth of Innocence.Mark and Christian Origins.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1988.

Mackey, James P.Jesus:The Man and the Myth.New York:Paulist, 1979.

Manson, T. W.The Servant Messiah.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1953.

——.The Teaching of Jesus. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1963 (1931).

Meier, John P.A Marginal Jew.Rethinking the Historical Jesus.Vol 1, The Roots of the Problem and the Person.New York:Doubleday, 1991.

——.A Marginal Jew.Rethinking the Historical Jesus.Vol 2, Mentor, Message, and Miracles.New York:Doubleday, 1994.

——.“Jesus.”The New Jerome Biblical Commentary.Eds., R. E. Brown, J. A. Fitzmyer, and R. E. Murphy.Englewood Cliffs, NJ:Prentice Hall (1990): 1316-1328.

Meyer, Ben F.The Aims of Jesus.London:SCM, 1979.(esp. 129-74)

Moltmann, Jürgen.The Way of Jesus Christ.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1993.

Nolan, Albert.Jesus Before Christianity.Maryknoll:Orbis, 1976.[with reservations]

O’Collins, Gerald.Interpreting Jesus.New York:Paulist, 1983.

Perrin, Norman.Rediscovering the Teaching of Jesus.London:SCM, 1967.

Reumann, John.Jesus in the Church’s Gospels.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1968.

Riches, John.Jesus and the Transformation of Judaism.New York:Seabury, 1982.

Rivkin, Ellis.What Crucified Jesus?London:SCM, 1984.

Sanders, E. P.Jesus and Judaism.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1985.

Schillebeeckx, Eduard.Jesus.An Experiment in Christology.New York:Crossroad, 1979.

Schweitzer, Albert.The Quest of the Historical Jesus.A Critical Study of Its Progress from Reimarus to Wrede.New York:Macmillan, 1961 (Ger. orig. 1906)

Segundo, Juan Luis.The Historical Jesus of the Synoptics.Maryknoll:Orbis, 1985.

Sloyan, Gerard.Jesus in Focus.Mystic, CT:Twenty-Third Publ., 1984.

Smith, Morton.Jesus the Magician.New York:Harper, 1978.

Sobrino, Jon, S.J.Christology at the Crossroads.A Latin American Approach.Maryknoll:Orbis, 1978.

Stanton, Graham N.The Gospels and Jesus.New York:Oxford, 1989.

Stauffer, Ethelbert.Jesus and His Story.New York:Knopf, 1960.

Tambasco, Anthony J.In the Days of Jesus.The Jewish Background and Unique Teaching of Jesus.New York:Paulist, 1983.

Theissen, Gerd.The Shadow of the Galilean.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1987.

Vawter, Bruce.This Man Jesus.An Essay Toward a NT Christology.New York:Doubleday, 1973.

Vermes, Geza.Jesus the Jew.London:Collins, 1973.

——.The Religion of Jesus the Jew.Philadelphia:Fortess, 1993.

Winter, Paul.On the Trial of Jesus.Berlin:de Gruyter, 1961 (2d rev. ed., 1974)

Witherington, Ben.The Jesus Quest.The Third Search for the Jew of Nazareth.2d ed.Downers Grove:InterVarsity, 1997.

Wright, N. T.Who Was Jesus?Grand Rapids:Eerdmans, 1992.

Zeitlin, Solomon.Who Crucified Jesus?New York:Bloch, 1964 (1942).


2.Other Aspects of Early Christology

Aulen, Gustav.Christus Victor.An Historical Study of the Three Main Types of the Idea of the Atonement.New York:Macmillan, 1969 (1932).

Baillie, D. M.God Was in Christ.An Essay on Incarnation and Atonement.New York:Scribner, 1948.

Brown, Raymond E.Introduction to New Testament Christology.Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 1994.

Dunn, James D. G.Christology in the Making:A NT Inquiry into the Origins of the Doctrine of the Incarnation.Philadelphia:Westminster, 1980.

Dwyer, John C.Son of Man and Son of God.A New Language for Faith.Mahwah, NJ:Paulist, 1983.

Fredriksen, Paula.From Jesus to Christ.The Origins of the New Testament Images of Jesus.New Haven, 1988.

Fuller, Reginald H.The Foundations of NT Christology.New York:Scribner, 1965.

Hagner, Donald A.The Jewish Reclamation of Jesus.An Analysis and Critique of Modern Jewish Study of Jesus.Grand Rapids:Zondervan, 1984.

Hellwig, Monika K.Jesus.The Compassion of God.Wilmington:Glazier, 1983.

Hultgren, Arland J.Christ and His Benefits:Christology and Redemption in the New Testament.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1987.

Hurtaldo, Larry W.One God, One Lord.Early Christian Devotion and Ancient Jewish Monotheism.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1988.

Jonge, Marinus de.Christology in Context:The Earliest Christian Response to Jesus.Philadelphia:Westminster, 1989.

Knox, John.The Humanity and Divinity of Christ. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1967.

Moule, C. F. D.The Origins of Christology.New York:Cambridge University Press, 1977.

——, ed.The Significance of the Message of the Resurrection for Faith in Jesus Christ.London:SCM, 1968.

Neyrey, Jerome.Christ Is Community.The Christologies of the NT.Wilmington:Glazier, 1985.

O’Grady, John F.Models of Jesus.Garden City:Doubleday, 1981.

Turner, H. E. W.The Patristic Doctrine of the Redemption.London:Mowbray, 1952.

Tyson, Joseph B.The Death of Jesus in Luke-Acts.Columbia, SC:University of South Carolina Press, 1986.

Van Buren, Paul.A Theology of the Jewish-Christian Reality:Part III:Christ in Context.New York:Harper, 1988.

Weeden, T. H.Mark:Traditions in Conflict.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1971.

3.“Messianism” etc.

Becker, Joachim.Messianic Expectation in the Old Testament.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1980.

Borgen, Peder. “God’s Agent in the Fourth Gospel.” In The Interpretation of John, ed.John Ashton, 67-78. Issues in Religion and Theology 9.SPCK:London; Fortress Press:Philadelphia, 1986.(Originally in Religions in Antiquity, ed. Jacob Neusner, 137-148 [Leiden:E. J. Brill, 1968]).

Charlesworth, James H., ed.The Messiah.Developments in Earliest Judaism and Christianity.Minneapolis:Fortress, 1992.

Klausner, Joseph.The Messianic Idea of Israel.London:Allen and Unwin, 1956.

Mowinckel, Sigmund.He That Cometh.The Messiah Concept in the Old Testament and Later Judaism.Oxford:Blackwell, 1956.

Nickelsburg, George and John J. Collins, eds.Ideal Figures in Ancient Judaism.Chico, CA:Scholars Press, 1980.

Neusner, Jacob.Messiah in Context:Israel’s History and Destiny in Formative Judaism.Philadelphia:Fortress, 1984.

——, et al., eds.Judaisms and Their Messiahs at the Turn of the Christian Era.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Ringgren, Helmer.The Messiah in the Old Testament.London:SCM, 1956.

Scholem, Gershom.The Messianic Idea and Other Essays.New York:Schocken, 1971.

Segal, Alan F.Two Powers in Heaven:Early Rabbinic Reports about Christianity and Gnosticism.Leiden: Brill, 1977.


I hope to have updated this bibliography by the August 2000.Eventually this bibliography will be annotated with hyperlinks to any online reviews. – Andy

Dolan Homepage

Dolan’s New Testament & Jesus links


641 BOOK REVIEWS Jesus: Essays in Christology. By THOMAS WEINANDY. Ave Maria, Fla.: Sapientia Press, 2014. Pp. 440. $37.00 (paper). ISBN: 978-1-9325-8965-8. This book contains a nearly comprehensive collection of the Christological essays written by the Franciscan scholar Fr. Thomas Weinandy over the past twenty-four years. The book is divided into four parts. The first, “Christology and the Bible,” considers the relationship of modern exegesis to dogmatic theology. The second, “Historical and Systematic Christology,” examines core principles in patristic, medieval, and modern Christology. The third, “Christology and Contemporary Issues,” ponders diverse modern controversies . The final section, “Christology and the Christian Life,” contains the text of ten sermons, each having to do in some way with doctrinal and Christological themes enunciated in the book. The topics treated in this work are vast in scope, and frequently as intellectually challenging as they are important. Consequently, this is a significant collection of essays from a modern theologian who has not shied away from serious and interesting theological topics. There are clear themes running throughout the book which reflect not only the editorial organization of the volume, but also of the overarching unity of the thought of the author. It is not possible to treat all the various essays and arguments in a review of this scope. I will consider, then, some of the most important elements from each section of the book, focusing in particular on the middle two sections. In part 1, Weinandy focuses in particular on the notion of modern theological exegesis of the New Testament, with two of his three essays examining the treatment of the New Testament by Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI in his three volume work Jesus of Nazareth. In the first essay the author seeks to identify criteria for a theological appropriation of modern historical exegesis. Following Ratzinger, Weinandy notes that the concept of biblical unity is ultimately a theological one, and that Christ himself forms the bond between the two testaments. Therefore his mystery itself provides the ultimate criterion of unity for the modern project of biblical hermeneutics (4-7). Modern exegetical methods are to be welcomed, but in the end are constructive theologically only when they are taken up into a perspective of faith that perceives the centrality of Christ’s relation to the Father as a 642 BOOK REVIEWS revelation of the Trinitarian mystery, and as the soteriological recapitulation of fallen humanity’s relationship with God. Part 2 takes up core patristic and Thomistic Christological principles. Here the arrangement of the essays is concerned with telling a story of development and interpretive continuity. The first essay argues that theological seeds of the Council of Chalcedon are found already in the letters of Ignatius of Antioch, particularly in his attribution of both divine and human properties to the one subject who is Christ: “What the communication of idioms does linguistically . . . is conjoin the two Christological truths of Jesus Christ’s divinity and humanity so as to express the ontological oneness of who Jesus is as the Son or the Word of God existing as man” (71). The second, third, and fourth essays consider the plenary reality of the humanity of Christ in the theologies of Athanasius and Cyril, so as to demonstrate that each clearly affirms a human spiritual soul in Christ, and is not Apollinarian. Thus each affirms in Christ a human essence of body and soul, even if he did not employ the terminology of two “natures,” and the theological influences that gained ascendency at the Council of Ephesus should not be opposed artificially to the formulations of Chalcedon: “Cyril did not employ the mia physis formula to espouse one nature in the sense of one quiddity, but rather he primarily used it to emphasize that Christ is one being or reality—one entity” (99). Again, the communication of idioms is of central importance: “All human attributes, attributes that imply a union of body and soul, such as suffering, ignorance, fear, and the like, must be predicated of the Son” (80). This Athanasian principle (to which Cyril clearly subscribes) was originally developed in an argumentative soteriological context : if God the Son is not truly human, then we...

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