History Of Abortion Essay
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The History of Abortion
Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy before birth. An abortion results in the death of the embryo or fetus and may be either spontaneous or induced. For years, abortion has been an extremely controversial subject. The history of abortion reaches back not just decades, but centuries, and even milleniums. Today, policies regarding legal abortion in the U.S. is being debated everywhere. Many myths and misconceptions confuse this issue. A better understanding of the history of abortion in America can help provide a context for an improved policy in the future.
Abortion has been widely known, practiced, and debated since ancient times. The ancient Hebrews…show more content…
These illegal abortions were unsafe, and could be fatal to most women, and put their lives at risk. Jane Roe was a twenty-one year old woman that was pregnant, who represented all of the women who wanted abortions but could not get one. Henry Wade was a Texas attorney General who had defended the state’s law. The Supreme Court ruled for Roe and stated that America’s right to privacy included: the right for a woman to choose whether or not to have her child; and the right for a woman and her doctor to make this decision without state involvement within the first trimester of the pregnancy. It made it possible for woman to get safe, legal abortions from well-trained medical practitioners. Consequently, there was a dramatic decrease in pregnancy related deaths.
Anti-abortion politicians in 1981 unsuccessfully attempted to introduce a “Human Life Amendment that prohibited abortions under all conditions. President Reagan and George Bush also wanted to overturn the Supreme Court’s ruling of the Roe v. Wade case. The Department of Health and Human Services in 1988, introduced federal “gag” rules. These rules did not allow federally funded family planning clinics to discuss and inform their patients about abortion. In 1939, the “abortion pill” RU 486 was banned by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). After, many anti-abortion bills were introduced in state legislatures. Bills supporting abortion rights were
The attitude towards abortion has always been and still is very controversial. It has, however, changed throughout the history of humanity: for example, it was commonly accepted in the times of Ancient Greece and Rome. On the other hand, he majority of men were against abortion as they felt they were entitled to have a baby. There are a few references to abortion in an Old Testament, where a fetus was perceived rather than an object, not a living being. In other words, there was a law, that if a person causes a miscarriage, he must be punished for that. There are no references to this topic in the New Testament. Later on, abortion in the western world was not considered a crime if done before a certain period, usually before 18-20 weeks. It was a common practice in the colonial America, but was usually kept in secret, as sexual activity before marriage was disapproved by the society. The Abortion Act of 1967 in England fully legalized abortion, but under certain conditions. It states that a doctor has the right to perform an abortion if other two doctors agree that this is done for the sake of the woman. For example, doctors are sure that giving birth to a child will cause physical or mental harm to a woman. Still, there are lots of debates concerning whether abortion should be legalized or not.
The cons of abortion usually include the following facts:
- Abortion is a crime. Even if it is a fetus, it is still a process of killing someone who deserves to live.
- Abortion can often lead to serious complications, injury to the uterus or cervix if done by unskilled doctor, or serious infection.
- Some of the factors, including the above mentioned complications, can lead to a risk of not being able to become pregnant again.
- It is a stressful and unpleasant experience, and a person can feel depressed and guilty for the rest of the life.
On the other hand, there are facts that prove that abortion is legal and should be done in certain cases:
- Only a woman who is pregnant has a right to decide whether to do abortion or to keep a baby, provided she is of sound mind. Neither doctors, nor anti-abortion activists will have to take care of a baby, but it is a woman who has to decide whether she is capable and ready for that.
- The current stage of the medicine development enables doctors to detect any possible problems that a woman can have while giving a birth to a child. So, if doctors are sure that giving a birth to a child can be dangerous for a woman, they may convince her to make an abortion.
- The similar situation is with a baby. If doctors diagnose that a baby is very likely to have a disease after birth, a woman has to decide whether to make an abortion or to give a birth to a child, who can later on suffer for the rest of it’s life.
- If a woman got pregnant after a rape, then having an abortion is a way to get rid both of an unwanted baby and the psychological trauma after such a dire experience.
There will probably never be a clear answer to whether abortion should be legal or not, whether it is morally right, or if it is the biggest crime a person can commit. Anyway, people have to deal with someone else’s life, one of the most valuable things a person can have, so it is necessary to think carefully and consider every detail.
Tips on Writing a Research Paper Introduction on a Controversial Topic:
- To write a good introduction, you have to provide the readers with clues to what the paper is going to be about.
- Stay close to the point and keep the introduction short.
- As your topic is controversial, make it clear what position you take on the matter.
- Make sure that you conclusion and introduction coincide. Re-read the introduction and conclusion and compare them.
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