Essay/Term paper: Michael jackson
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My topic for my report is Michael Jackson. Michael Jackson is a
longtime pop music star, known as the King of Pop. Michael is a winner of many
Grammys and other music awards. My first subtopic goes into his music. The
details giong into Music are his many albums, the many awards Michael Jackson
has won, and the songs he has written. My second subtopic goes into the history
of Michael Jackson. The details going itno History are Michael's family members,
the places he has lived, and Michael Jackson's family life. My third subtopic
goes into his tours. The details going itno Tours are the places he has given
concerts, the incidents that happened on his tours, and the kinds of people that
were at his concerts. My fourth subtopic goes goes into the interviews of
Michael Jackson. The details going into Interviews are the television
interviews, the magazine interviews, and the newspaper interviews. To find all
of this out, you have to be patient and read this report!
Michael Jackson is the King of Pop music. When Michael Jackson was nine
years old, he started being the lead singer of the Jackson 5. The Jackson 5
also consisted of his older brothers Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, and Marlon.
(Jackson: 8) The Jackson 5 had many songs. Michael Jackson's first solo album
is called "Off the Wall," and it first released in 1979. The songs on "Off The
Wall" include "Don't Stop Till You Get Enough" and "Rock With You." His
following albums include "Bad," "Thriller," and "Dangerous." Michael had a 2 CD
album called "HIStory Past, Present, and Future Book 1," and it first released
in 1995. The first CD has his most popular songs from the past. The second CD
has his newest including "Scream," which is a duet with with his younger sister
Janet Jackson, "You Are Not Alone," which was a 1996 Grammy Awards nominee, and
"Childhood," which is the theme to "Free Willy 2." Some of his past songs
include "Black And White," "Billie Jean," "Thriller," "Beat It," "Remember The
Time," and "Heal The World." Michael Jackson has been famous for so long that
he has won many awards, especially Grammys.
Michael Joseph Jackson was born on August 29, 1958, in Gary, Indiana. His
Mother's name is Katherine and his father's name is Joseph. Michael's older
siblings are Maureen, Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, La Toya, and Marlon. (Jackson: 8)
Michael's younger siblings are Randy and Janet. (Jackson: 8) Janet is a famous
pop music star just like her older brother Michael. Tito's sons Taj, Taryll,
and T.J. are a famous music group called 3T. The Jackson family lived in a
small home in Gary, Indiana. Michael's mother Katherine was crippled by polio
since she was a child. (Jackson: 12) When she was a child, she partially
recovered from polio when many died from the disease at that time. (Jackson: 12)
Michael has been on his "World Tour" for a few years. Lately, he has to
wear something over his face during concerts because of his skin condition
called vitiligo. (Carlson: 6) In 1984, Michael and his brothers from the
Jackson 5 reunited for their "Victory" tour. (Anonymous: 519) There were many
different kinds of people at his concerts, all Michael Jackson fans.
Michael Jackson has had many interviews. Some are true, and some are trash.
There have been interviews on him in magazines from People to Enquirer.
Michael has been on many television shows and networks, including MTV and VH1.
He has been interviewed by newspapers worldwide. Lately, most interviews have
been about him being a father-to-be and his recent marriage to Debbie Rowe, the
mother of his child. Past interviews have been about his marriage in 1994 and
his divorce in the summer of 1996 from Lisa Marie Presley, Elvis Presley's
daughter. Another subject of his past interviews have been about his alleged
rape a few years ago.
That was my report on Michael Jackson. I enjoyed writing it. I hope you
enjoyed reading it! Some additional information I'd like to add is that that
Jackson 5's first recorded song is "Big Boy," wich was the beginning of their
stardom. (Jackson: 42)
1. Anonymous, "Jackson, Michael," Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia, Copyright
1991, p. 1
2. Anonymous, "Jackson, Michael," Microsoft Encarta '95, Copyright 1994, p. 1
3. Anonymous, "Jackson, Michael," The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia,
Copyright 1993, p. 1
4. Anonymous, "Michael Jackson," http://yoyo.cc.monash.edu.au/~
Copyright February 3, 1996, p. 1
5. Anonymous, "Michael Jackson The King Of Pop," http://lottoworldmagazine.com/
jackson.html, Copyright 1996, p. 2
6. Anonymous, The New Lexicon Webster's Dictionary Of The English Language 1988
Edition, Lexicon Publications, Inc., New York, Copyright 1987, p. 519
7. Anonymous, "3T Biography," http://www.sony.com/Music/Artist
Info/3TBio.html, Copyright 1996, p. 3
8. Carlson, Jan, "MJ Biography," http://www.ozemail.com.au/~
beginning, Copyright July 31, 1996, p. 6
9. Grun, Bernard, The Timetables Of History 3rd Revised Edition, Simon &
New York, Copyright 1991, pp. 611, 613 10. Jackson, Michael, Moonwalk,
Doubleday, New York, Copyright 1988, pp. 8, 12, 42 11. Mc Leese, Don, "Jackson,
Michael," The World Book Encyclopedia 1995 Volume 11,
World Book, Inc., Chicago, Copyright 1994, p. 15
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In a quite extraordinary French legal judgement, five Michael Jackson fans have successfully sued the former King of Pop’s doctor for the impact his part in Jackson’s death had on their own lives. The judgement against Jackson’s personal physician, Conrad Murray, was that he should pay the five plaintiffs the princely sum of €1 each due to the trauma they felt as a result of Jackson’s death.
Jackson’s sudden death had shocked the world in 2009, with the first reports emanating with TMZ, the celebrity news website and quickly spreading. His demise was a global media event and many fans refused to believe the coverage at first. Web traffic was recorded at some 20% higher than average, while around 15% of all Twitter posts mentioned Jackson that day, dwarfing that year’s other discussion points (such as the 5% which discussed the flu pandemic that made headlines a few months earlier).
Jackson died from a heart attack following a drug overdose, specifically acute propofol and benzodiazepine intoxication. Murray later claimed to have found Jackson at home, not breathing and with a barely detectable pulse. Murray administered CPR on Jackson but without ever resuscitating him. A coroner would subsequently conclude that Jackson’s death was homicide. It emerged that, in the hours before his death, Jackson had been administered a cocktail of painkillers and anti-anxiety medication. As a result, Murray was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in 2011 and served two years of his four year prison sentence.
Three years later, another court has found against Murray over Jackson’s death, although the sentence carries a somewhat less onerous burden than the retraction of his liberty. However, the punishment was not the point of this case. This was a symbolic verdict, recognising that the fans had been caused emotional distress. There had originally been 34 plaintiffs drawn from a group known as the Michael Jackson Community appearing at the court in Orléans, but the judge eventually found in favour of two from France, two from Switzerland and one from Belgium. Their lawyer, Emmanuel Ludot, stated: “As far as I know, this is the first time in the world that the notion of emotional damage in connection with a pop star has been recognised”.
Law professor, Philippe Brun of Savoy University, has been quoted as saying that the sentence would be difficult to uphold on appeal: “If this ruling is appealed, I doubt it could withstand scrutiny because there is a contradiction between suffering emotional damage and the symbolic nature of the allocated sum”.
This is probably true and, as such, reflects the bemused reactions on social media and news outlet comment pages highlighting that most people see this as a frivolous case and somewhat ridiculous in its content as its sentence. As one commenter on the Guardian’s Comment is Free put it: “What the actual fuck. These people are morons. I’m emotionally damaged from reading about these idiots”.
Zemiology and the criminalising of harm
Despite such incredulity and ridicule, the verdict could be seen as important for what the manner in which it legitimises emotional distress as a viable wrong. To understand this, it is important to pay heed to the little-known academic perspective known as zemiology: the study of avoidable harms. The name comes from the Greek, zemia – meaning harm or damage – and has emerged as a challenge to conventional ways of understanding crime as conceptualised by the state, scholars and the general public.
Those who support the need for legal solutions for zemiology insist that we need to redefine what is constituted by a crime. Crime is seen as nothing more than a construct, based on social judgements meaning that there are no central properties relating to some essential notion of criminality. As such, what a crime is will vary across time and space. Fundamentally, dominant interpretations of crime entail that many of the crimes which are prosecuted cause minimal harm to victims, if they cause any harm at all.
For zemiology’s foremost advocates, Hillyard and Tombs, “The definitions of crime in the criminal law do not reflect the only or the most dangerous of antisocial behaviours.” They believe that many incidents or events which cause harm are either not legislated as part of the criminal law or are so categorised will generally be ignored or dismissed without recourse to the law. They identify various types of harm, chiefly compromising social harm (including impediments to development and personal growth), physical harm (such as causing illness or disease) and financial harm (issues such as misappropriation of funds or undue cost burdens). The authors also put forward the idea of psychological harm.
The latter harm covers any psychological or emotional distress arising from events and behaviours outside of an individual’s control. Though Jackson’s fans were not engaged in a criminal trial, their verdict has potential significance in highlighting the truth of the upset they felt as a result of Murray’s actions. Even though the harm was not caused directly to them, and despite there being no evidence of forethought in Murray’s mind that he could hurt Jackson’s fans in his actions, he has been recognised as needing to be held responsible for harming the lives of these devoted fans.
This intangible harm was duly reflected in the symbolic sentence: €1 was a token amount to identify the principle rather than seek to remedy the wrong. More so, the plaintiffs wanted to bring this court case so that they might be recognised as victims, as having suffered a loss. Their main motivation was that gaining this victim status might help them gain access to Jackson’s grave, which is closed to members of the general public.
This raises significant questions about who is entitled to feel what and who has to take responsibility for those feelings. Should the fans suck it up and work through their own grief at the loss of their hero? Or, should they be able to blame someone for ending the life of a man who became an icon and meant so much to so many millions of people across the world?