Mb0039 Solved Assignment 2012 Ram

This article is about the full-size truck since Ram's separation from Dodge. For vehicles named Dodge Ram, see List of vehicles named Dodge Ram.

The Ram pickup (formerly the Dodge Ram pickup) is a full-size pickup truck manufactured by FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group LLC) and marketed as of 2011 onwards under the Ram Trucks brand.

Previously, Ram was part of the Dodge line of light trucks. The name Ram was first used in 1932-1954 Dodge Trucks, then returned on the redesigned 1981 Ram and Power Ram, following the retiring and rebadging of the Dodge D Series pickup trucks as well as B-series vans.

Ram trucks have been named Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year five times; the second-generation Ram won the award in 1994, the third-generation Ram Heavy Duty won the award in 2003, the fourth-generation Ram Heavy Duty won in 2010 and the current Ram 1500 won in 2013 and 2014. The Ram is manufactured at the Saltillo Truck Assembly Plant in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico and Warren Truck Assembly in Warren, Michigan, United States.

First generation (1981–1994; D/W)[edit]

First generation
Overview
Production1981–1994
Body and chassis
Body style2-door pickup truck
2-door extended cab pickup truck
4-door crew cab pickup truck
PlatformChrysler AD platform
RelatedDodge Ramcharger
Powertrain
Engine225 cu in (3.69 L) slant-6I6
239 cu in (3.92 L) LA V6
318 cu in (5.21 L) LA V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8
5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6
Transmission3- or 4-speed Torqueflite automatic
4- or 5-speed manual
Dimensions
WheelbaseRegular cab/6.5' bed:
115 in (2,921 mm)
Regular cab/8' bed:
131 in (3,327 mm)
Club Cab/6.5' bed:
133 in (3,378 mm)
Club Cab/8' bed:
149 in (3,785 mm)
Crew cab/8' bed:
165 in (4,191 mm)[1]
Length190.8 in (4,846 mm)
210.8 in (5,354 mm)
Width79.5 in (2,019 mm)
Height76 in (1,930 mm)
73 in (1,854 mm)

The first-generation Ram Trucks & Vans introduced in 1981 featured a Ram hood ornament first used on Dodge vehicles from 1932 to 1954.[1] However not all of the first-generation trucks have this ornament and is most commonly seen on four wheel drive models. Dodge kept the previous generation's model designations: "D" or Ram indicated two-wheel drive while "W" or Power Ram indicated four-wheel drive. Just like Ford, Dodge used 150 to indicate a half-ton truck, 250 for a three-quarter-ton truck, and 350 for a one-ton truck. The truck models were offered in standard cab, "Club" extended cab, and crew cab configurations. They also were offered along with 6.5 ft (2.0 m) and 8 ft (2.4 m) bed lengths and "Utiline" and "Sweptline" styled boxes along with standard boxes. Externally, the first-generation Rams were facelifted versions of the previous generation Dodge D-Series pickups introduced in 1972. The new model introduced larger wraparound tail lamps, dual rectangular headlamps, and squared-off body lines. Engine choices were pared down to the 225 Slant-6 and 318 and 360 V8s. The interior was updated and included a new bench seat and a completely new dashboard and instrument cluster with an optional three-pod design - a speedometer in the center, with the two side pods containing an ammeter on the top left, a temperature gauge bottom left, a fuel gauge on the top right and an oil pressure gauge bottom right. Models without the full gauge package had only indicator lights in the place of the temperature and oil pressure gauges. Among the options offered on the Ram were front bumper guards, a sliding rear cab window, air-conditioning, cruise control, tilt steering column, power door locks and windows, AM/FM stereo with cassette tape player, styled road wheels, aluminum turbine-style mag wheels, special paint and stripe packages, two-tone paint, and a plow package for four-wheel-drive models (referred to as the Sno Commander).

The "Club Cab" was dropped from the lineup after 1982, but Dodge kept the tooling and re-introduced nearly a decade later in the 1991 models. The four-door crew cab and Utiline beds were dropped after the 1985 model year, to make room on the assembly line for the upcoming 1987 Dodge Dakota, and were never reintroduced in this generation.

Basic Ram 100 models were reintroduced for 1984, replacing the previous "Miser" trim level available on the Ram 150. A "Ram-Trac" shift-on-the-fly transfer case was added for the 1985's Power Rams, and both the crew cab and Utiline flared bed were dropped for 1986. In 1988 the Slant-6 engine was replaced by a 3.9 L (240 cu in) fuel-injectedV6 engine. The 5.2 L (318 cu in) engine also received electronic fuel injection in 1988. Because of a new computer controlled fuel injection, ignition and ABS system, more vehicle information needed to be displayed through any warning or notification lights; so inside the cab where a small compartment was once located on the dash, a new "message center" with four small rectangular light spots, contained the check engine light and other tell-tales including one for the parking brake and the ABS if the truck was so equipped. The message center later included "Wait to Start" and "Water in Fuel" lights on diesel models. Diagnostic fault codes were stored in the computer's memory, and cycling the ignition key three times would allow the computer to flash the trouble codes through the check-engine light for diagnosis of some problems.[2] Rear ABS became standard equipment in 1989.

The Ram 100 model designation was dropped and these models folded back into the 150 range for 1990, due to the introduction and sales success of the Dodge Dakota pickup. Additionally, the instrument cluster was slightly revised; the ammeter was replaced by a voltmeter while maintaining the 3-pod arrangement of the speedometer and gauges. Also in 1990, Dodge reintroduced the Club Cab, equipped with fold-out jump seats for the 1991-1993 models. Entry was made through the passenger or driver's doors, as there were no rear doors for this configuration.

These trucks, though popular with fleets, sold poorly compared to the Ford F-Series and the General Motors C/K Trucks, with just under 100,000 units sold most years of their production. Part of this was due to the dated cab and chassis design which had been in production since 1972, the fact that there was no powerful diesel option until 1989, and there was no big-block gas V8 option. Additionally, the interior had been given few updates since 1981.

Engines & transmissions[edit]

For 1989, the 5.9 L V8 received throttle-body fuel injection for a 20 hp (15 kW) gain. Additionally, Dodge introduced a new overdrive automatic transmission for reduced fuel consumption. This light-duty transmission was designated the A500, and was offered with the 3.9 L V6 and 5.2 L V8. An "O/D Off" pushbutton switch to lock out the overdrive 4th gear was added to the message center. The A727 automatic saw continued use for some 5.2 L engines, all 5.9 L engines, and heavy-duty applications.

The grille was redesigned for 1991 but kept the large rectangular headlamps and crossbar appearance. The engines were substantially upgraded for 1992 (3.9 L and 5.2 L) 1993 and 1994 (5.9 L) with multi-port fuel injection, new manifolds, and higher-compression cylinder heads for noticeably higher output. These newly-revised engines were marketed under the "Magnum" name. A heavy-duty automatic transmission with overdrive called the A518 was offered with the 5.2 L and 5.9 L engines. As part of Chrysler's overhaul of corporate transmission nomenclature, the A500 and A518 were redesignated 42RH and 46RH, respectively, in 1992. The initial "4" signified a 4-speed transmission, the second digit identified the transmission's relative torque capacity, the letter "R" in the third position denoted a rear-wheel-drive transmission, and the final letter "H" signified hydraulic shift control. The 3-speed automatic remained available; the A727 was redesignated 36RH, and the A904, A998, and A999 became the 30RH, 31RH, and 32RH, respectively.

5.9 Cummins[edit]

A Cummins B Series engine was also added to the engine lineup and, for the first time, Dodge saw sales go up. The Cummins can be coupled with a heavier-duty version of the A727 automatic or a 5-speed manual transmission and is available on 250 and 350 pickups and pickup-based chassis-cab trucks. This diesel engine option is drastically different from Ford and GM diesel engines that were optioned at the time. The Cummins features direct injection, whereas the Ford and GM diesels feature indirect injection; this also means that the Cummins doesn't have to rely on glowplugs. The Cummins is a straight-six engine, whereas the GM and Ford diesel engines are V8 engines. Additionally, the Cummins is turbocharged, while the 6.2 L GM/DDC and 7.3 IDI Ford/IH are naturally aspirated.[3] This was not the first engine to appear in Dodge pickup trucks as a diesel option. The 1978 and 1979 D-Series models were available with a Mitsubishi naturally-aspirated diesel, but it was seldom ordered.

Engines[edit]

YearsEnginePowerTorque
1981–1987225 cu in (3.69 L) Slant-6I695 hp (71 kW)[1]170 lb⋅ft (230 N⋅m)[1]
1988–1991239 cu in (3.92 L) LAV6125 hp (93 kW)[1]195 lb⋅ft (264 N⋅m)
1992–1994239 cu in (3.92 L) Magnum V6180 hp (130 kW)[1]
1981–1987318 cu in (5.21 L) LAV8140 hp (100 kW)[1]240 lb⋅ft (330 N⋅m)[1]
1988–1991318 cu in (5.21 L) LA V8170 hp (130 kW)[1]260 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m)[1]
1992–1994318 cu in (5.21 L) Magnum V8230 hp (170 kW)[1]280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m)[1]
1981–1988360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8175 hp (130 kW)[1]260 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m)[1]
1989–1992360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8190 hp (140 kW)[1]
1993-1994360 cu in (5.9 L) Magnum V8230 hp (170 kW)[1]325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m)[1]
1989–1994359 cu in (5.88 L) Cummins diesel I6160 hp (120 kW)[1]400 lb⋅ft (540 N⋅m)[1]
Gallery

1983 Dodge Ram D150 

1989 Dodge Ram interior 

1991–1994 Dodge Ram 150, showing facelifted grille 

1991-1993 Dodge Ram 250 Club Cab 

Second generation (1994–2001/2002; BR/BE)[edit]

Second generation
Overview
ProductionJuly 1993-2001 (Ram 1500)
1994–2002 (Ram 2500 and 3500)
AssemblyWarren, Michigan
St. Louis, Missouri
Saltillo, Mexico
Lago Alberto Assembly, Mexico City
Montreal, Quebec
DesignerPhillip E. Payne (1989)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door regular cab
2-door Extended/Club cab
4-door Quad Cab
Dually
RelatedDodge Ramcharger
Powertrain
Engine3.9 L MagnumV6
5.2 L MagnumV8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L Cumminsturbo-dieselI6
8.0 L MagnumV10
Transmission4-speed 42RH-RE automatic
4-speed 46RH-RE automatic
4-speed 47RH-RE automatic
5-speed NV3500 manual
5-speed NV4500 manual
6-speed NV5600 manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase118.7 in (3,015 mm) (2-door, short bed)[1]
134.7 in (3,421 mm) (2-door, long bed)[1]
154.7 in (3,929 mm)
Length204.1 in (5,184 mm)
224.2 in (5,695 mm)
244.1 in (6,200 mm)
Width79.3 in (2,014 mm)
93.5 in (2,375 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height72.2 in (1,834 mm)

The Ram line was redesigned for the 1994 model year. Development on a second generation began in 1986, ending in late 1992. A more conventional design was originally scheduled for a 1991 production; when Bob Lutz showed it to the new styling designers, chief designer Phillip E. Payne told him, "It looks like nothing more than a rehash of everybody else's truck." At that, Lutz told him he had six months to come up with something better.[4] The exterior styling of the truck that was eventually released was the result of design concepts by Payne during 1988-1990. A review by the Dodge pick-up truck studio designers felt that modern pick-ups looked "too flat and sedan like", while the early 50's Studebaker pick-up and the semi-trailer trucks had just the right "macho" look to them.[5] The design featured a big-rig-looking front end and a large grille that was nothing like the current Ford or Chevy/GMC pickups in design. The Dodge Ram Pick-up was selected as "Truck of the Year" for 1994.

The redesigned 1994 Ram was a sales success, with sales rocketing from 95,542 units in 1993 to 232,092 in 1994, 410,000 in 1995, and 411,000 by 1996. That year, it was prominently featured as the hero vehicle in the film Twister. Sales of this generation peaked at just over 400,000 in 1999 before declining against the redesigned Ford and GM trucks. By 2001, Ram sales figures were below those of Ford and Chevy trucks.

Engine offerings continued over from the first-generation Ram and were the 3.9 L V6, 5.2 L V8, 5.9 L V8, and 5.9 L I6 Cummins turbo diesel. Added to the line up was a new 488 cubic inch 8.0L V10 engine designed as an alternative for those who wanted superior pulling power but did not want a diesel. The new V10 and Cummins turbo diesel could only be had in the 2500 and higher designation models. Models were now the 1500 half-ton, 2500 three-quarter-ton, and 3500 dual-rear-wheel one-ton in both 2- and 4-wheel drive. 1500 Rams offered both 6.5- and 8-foot (2 and 2.4 m, respectively) boxes. 2500 Rams offered 6.5-foot (2.0 m) boxes with club or quad Cabs.

Dodge offered the 2500 series in two different gross-vehicle-weight ratings for the first few years, but this was later dropped. The purpose of the difference between the light-duty and heavy-duty 2500 trucks was for the heavy-duty 2500 to take the place of the discontinued one-ton single-rear-wheel trucks. Rear axles for the light-duty 2500 trucks were semi-floating, while the heavy-duty 2500 rear axles were full-floating.

On the inside, special attention was paid to in-cab storage features, with a large glovebox, a center armrest storage area, and extra storage space behind the seat. The dash and gauge cluster were a far cry from the previous model Ram and were far more modern as well. A redesign of the dashboard and instrument cluster was introduced in 1998 along with the introduction of the quad cab, and rounded black plastic side-view mirrors replaced the previous rectangular design.

1998 updates[edit]

In 1998, Dodge introduced the "Quad Cab", which uses smaller, "suicide" doors directly behind the main doors. This was offered as an option on the "Club Cab" for this model year. Other changes for 1998 included rounded mirrors replacing the classic square ones, a revised interior, dual airbags, a chime replacing the buzzer for seat belts/door ajar/headlights/ and a digital odometer. The OBD II System was also standard, with a computer port near the driver's-side footwell and a code-checking system via the new digital odometer readout.

In late 1998 Dodge introduced a revised front end for the 1999 model year Sport models with a restyled bumper, quad-beam clear-lens headlamps, and body-color grille. A 6-speed manual transmission was made optional for diesel variants in late 2000 for the 2001 model year. A small percentage of the diesel engines for 1999 and 2000 model years were subject to problems within the water jackets and fuel injectors. The most problematic was the "53" stamped engine block which had a defect that would cause fracturing in the structure of the block itself. The 2000 models became optional with heated leather seats. The braking system was upgraded to dual-piston calipers in the front. An Offroad Edition was offered as a package with a 2-inch lift accomplished with stiffer front springs and rear lift blocks, unique 17x8 rims, 275/70/17 all terrain tires, 4.10 gears, trussed Dana 44 in the front, limited slip differential, and skid plates.[6] The Offroad Edition models are also distinguishable with an additional decal on the tailgate under the 4x4 decal that says "Offroad."

Although Dodge introduced a new Ram 1500 for 2002, the old second-generation style Ram was carried over for the 2002 model year heavy-duty 2500 and 3500 trucks. The new third-generation Ram would not appear in the 2500/3500 variants until 2002 as 2003 models. Part of this delay was due to the then new 5.7 L Hemi engine not being ready for production.

Drivetrain[edit]

Transmissions[edit]

Transmissions for the Ram

  • A500/42RH-RE lower geared light duty applications found behind the 3.9 L V6
  • A518/46RH-RE for more heavy duty applications found behind the 5.2 L and 5.9 L V8 engines.
  • A618/47RH-RE for heavy duty use behind the V10 gasoline and Cummins diesel engines. The 47RH was used in 1994 and 1995 model years, while the 47RE was used from 1996 through 2002.

NV3500 was offered in 1500 Rams and light-duty 2500 Rams. NV4500 was standard in 2500 and 3500 trucks; the NV4500HD for V10 and diesel models (except the uncommon, light-duty 2500 rams). A NV5600 was offered in 1999 and 2000 Rams and was the only transmission offered behind the High Output diesel in 2001 and 2002.

Transfer cases[edit]

There was a total of five transfer cases available for the four-wheel-drive Ram. All are part-time and have a low range of 2.72:1. The 1500 featured a NP231 and NP231HD. The NP241 was standard on V8 2500 Rams. The 2500 and 3500 V10 and diesel featured a NP241DLD from 1993 to 1997. In 1997 the NP241DHD became an option for 2500 Rams and was standard on 3500 Rams from 1998 to 2002.

Axles[edit]

The Dodge Ram features a wide variety of axles. For the front axle of 4x4 Rams, a Dana 44 was used on all 1500 Rams and the early (light-duty) 2500 Rams. However, most of the 2500 and all 3500 Rams use Dana 60 front axles. The 1500 Rams and some early light duty 2500 Rams used a 9.25 Chrysler (Spicer) axle in the rear. A Dana 60 rear axle was used on heavy duty 2500 V8 Rams. A Dana 70 rear axle was used in 2500 Rams with a V10 or a Diesel/Automatic transmission combination. A Dana 80 rear axle was used on 2500 Rams with a manual transmission and V10/diesel engine combination. Every 3500 Ram was made with a Dana 80. The front drive axles in these Rams were unique in the fact they did not have locking hubs, but featured a center axle disconnect. The 2002 2500 and 3500 Rams saw the eventual phase out of the Center axle disconnect, in favor of front axles that were permanently locked in. Dodge continued to include front axles like this for their 2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500 trucks until 2013 models.

Engines[edit]

A natural-gas-powered engine debuted for 1995 but was not popular and was only used in fleet vehicles on a very limited production run. The Cummins B Series engine was switched from the 12-valve to the 24-valve (ISB) version in the middle of the 1998 model-year Dodge Rams due to emissions regulations. The ISB featured a new computer-controlled injection pump, 24-valve head design, and an electric fuel pump.

YearsEnginePowerTorque8th VIN
1994–20013.9 L (239 cu in) MagnumV6175 hp (130 kW)[1]225 lb⋅ft (305 N⋅m)X
1994–20015.2 L (318 cu in) MagnumV8230 hp (170 kW)[1]295 lb⋅ft (400 N⋅m)[1]Y
1995–19975.2 L (318 cu in) Natural Gas V8200 hp (150 kW)[1]430 lb⋅ft (580 N⋅m)[1]
1994–19975.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8230 hp (170 kW)[1]325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m)[1]Z (5 for the heavy-duty version)
1998–20025.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8245 hp (183 kW)[1]335 lb⋅ft (454 N⋅m)[1]Z (5 for the heavy-duty version)
1994–20028.0 L (488 cu in)[7]MagnumV10 engine300 hp (220 kW)[1]450 lb⋅ft (610 N⋅m)[1]W
1994–19955,883 cc (5.883 L; 359.0 cu in)[8]Cummins 12-valve dieselI6175 hp (130 kW) (manual), 160 hp (120 kW) (auto)[1]420 lb⋅ft (570 N⋅m) (manual), 400 lb⋅ft (540 N⋅m) (auto)[1]C
1996–19985,883 cc (5.883 L; 359.0 cu in)[8]Cummins 12-valve diesel I6215 hp (160 kW) (manual), 180 hp (130 kW) (auto)[1]440 lb⋅ft (600 N⋅m) (manual), 420 lb⋅ft (570 N⋅m) (auto)[1]D
1998–20005,883 cc (5.883 L; 359.0 cu in)[8]Cummins ISB 24-valve diesel I6235 hp (175 kW) (manual), 215 hp (160 kW) (auto)[1]460 lb⋅ft (620 N⋅m) (manual), 420 lb⋅ft (570 N⋅m) (auto)[1]6
2001–20025,883 cc (5.883 L; 359.0 cu in)[8]Cummins ISB 24-valve diesel I6235 hp (175 kW) (5-speed manual or automatic)[1]460 lb⋅ft (620 N⋅m) (5-speed manual or automatic),[1]6
2001–20025,883 cc (5.883 L; 359.0 cu in)[8]Cummins ISB 24-valve diesel I6245 hp (183 kW) (High Output)[1]505 lb⋅ft (685 N⋅m) (High Output)[1]C or 7
  • 1999 Dodge Ram 1500 Pickup

  • 1994–2001 Dodge Ram Regular Cab

Third generation (2002–2008/2009; DR/DH/D1/DC/DM)[edit]

Third generation
Overview
ProductionJuly 24, 2001[9]–2008 (1500)
2002–2009 (2500 & 3500)
DesignerCliff Wilkins (1998)
Body and chassis
Body style2-door Regular cab
4-door Quad cab
4-door Mega Cab
Dually
Powertrain
Engine3.7 L MagnumV6
4.7 L MagnumV8
5.7 L Hemi V8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L CumminsdieselI6
6.7 L Cummins diesel I6
8.0 L MagnumV10
8.3 L Viper V10
Transmission4-speed 42RLEautomatic
4-speed 45RFEautomatic
4-speed 48REautomatic
5-speed 545RFE automatic
6-speed 68RFEautomatic
6-speed AS68RC
6-speed NV5600manual
5-speed NV3500manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase204.3 in (5,189 mm)
192.3 in (4,884 mm)
188.3 in (4,783 mm)
168.3 in (4,275 mm)
144.3 in (3,665 mm)
164.3 in (4,173 mm)
120.5 in (3,061 mm)
140.5 in (3,569 mm)
160.5 in (4,077 mm)
Length295.1 in (7,496 mm)
283.1 in (7,191 mm)
279.1 in (7,089 mm)
259.1 in (6,581 mm)
255.1 in (6,480 mm)
235.1 in (5,972 mm)
207.7 in (5,276 mm)
229.7 in (5,834 mm)
249.7 in (6,342 mm)
Width79.5 in (2,019 mm)
96 in (2,438 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height75.7-80.8 in (1923–2052 mm)

In development from 1996 (styling by Cliff Wilkins finalized in 1998), the third-generation Ram was unveiled on February 7, 2001 at the 2001 Chicago Auto Show,[10] and debuted for 2002 model year on 1500 models and 2003 on 2500 and 3500 models. This was a major update including an all new frame, suspension, powertrains, interiors, and sheet metal. The crew cab models for this generation were actually Quad Cab trucks that had conventional-opening rear doors. The four-wheel-drive light trucks (1500 series) lost their live axles in favor of an independent front suspension, but the 2500 and 3500 series retained the live axles for maximum longevity and durability. This body style drew heavily from the previous generation.

The redesigned trucks bolstered sales, with 400,000 sold during 2001-2002 and nearly 450,000 sold during 2002-2003, a new high point for the Ram name. At the same time, both Ford and GM trucks were increasing in sales from a 2001 peak over 850,000 to the 900,000 range. But with 400,543 Rams sold that year, the Ram's sales could not keep up with the eleventh-generation F-150 in 2004.

2006 Facelift[edit]

The Dodge Ram was updated for the 2006 model year. One notable addition was the "Mega Cab", featuring a 6.25-foot (2 m) cargo box and 22 inches (560 mm) of extra cab space, allowing seating for six with rear recliners, a full screen mapping in-dash navigation system became an option, and the headlamps were redesigned to a more modern design.

For 2006, the steering wheel design was changed to one from the Dodge Dakota and Dodge Durango. BluetoothU Connect was now available as an option, and a front facelift was given to all Ram models. SIRIUS Satellite Radio was available, as well was a rear seat DVD entertainment system with wireless headphones. The SRT model, with the 8.3 L V10 engine from the Dodge Viper SRT/10, was discontinued after the 2006 model year.

For 2007, Dodge changed the tail lights.

Chassis Cab[edit]

In 2007, a 3500 Chassis Cab model was introduced with industry-standard rear frame width and wiring to accommodate outfitters. In addition to the 5.7 L (345 cu in), a Cummins 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel rated at 350 hp (260 kW) and 650 lb⋅ft (880 N⋅m) was also available. Automatic transmissions used were the 545RFE with the 5.7 L (345 cu in) the AS68RC with the 6.7 L (408 cu in). The G56 transmission was the only manual transmission offered.

For 2008, Dodge introduced two more Chassis Cab models, the 4500 and 5500. These were Class-4 and Class-5 trucks with a gross weight of 16,500 lb (7,500 kg) and 19,500 lb (8,800 kg), respectively. Both trucks came equipped with the same version of the Cummins 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel as the 3500 chassis-cab model. Sterling, who worked with Dodge in development, had their own version, called the Sterling Bullet with a unique grille. Sterling is a division of Freightliner LLC which, like Dodge, was owned by the former DaimlerChrysler. Sterling Trucks was licensed to sell Dodge Ram 4500 series trucks as the Sterling Bullet. When the Sterling brand was phased out by Chrysler Corporation, the Bullet was discontinued.

Engines[edit]

ModelYearsEnginePowerTorque
15002001-20083.7 L (226 cu in) MagnumV6215 hp (160 kW)[1]235 lb⋅ft (319 N⋅m)[1]
2001-20024.7 L (287 cu in) MagnumV8

240 hp (180 kW)[1]

300 lb⋅ft (410 N⋅m)[1]
2003-20074.7 L (287 cu in) Magnum V8235 hp (175 kW)[1]295 lb⋅ft (400 N⋅m)[1]
2008-20134.7 L (287 cu in) Magnum V8310 hp (230 kW)[11]330 lb⋅ft (450 N⋅m)[11]
2001–20025.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8245 hp (183 kW)[1]335 lb⋅ft (454 N⋅m)[1]
2003-20085.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8345 hp (257 kW)[1]375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m)[1]
2500/35002003-20085.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8345 hp (257 kW)375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m)
20095.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8390 hp (290 kW)[1]410 lb⋅ft (560 N⋅m)
2002-2003 SO5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6250 hp (190 kW)460 lb⋅ft (620 N⋅m)
2002–2003 SO California Emissions5.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6235 hp (175 kW)460 lb⋅ft (620 N⋅m)
2002-20045.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6305 hp (227 kW)555 lb⋅ft (752 N⋅m)
2004.5-2007 HO5.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6325 hp (242 kW)610 lb⋅ft (830 N⋅m)
2007-20096.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6350 hp (260 kW)650 lb⋅ft (880 N⋅m)
20028.0 L (488 cu in) MagnumV10310 hp (230 kW)450 lb⋅ft (610 N⋅m)
Chassis Cab2008–20095.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8 (3500 Only)345 hp (257 kW)375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m)
20095.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8 (3500 Only)388 hp (289 kW)[1]404 lb⋅ft (548 N⋅m)
2008–20096.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6305 hp (227 kW)610 lb⋅ft (830 N⋅m)
SRT-102004-20068.3 L (505 cu in) ViperV10510 hp (380 kW)535 lb⋅ft (725 N⋅m)

Models built after January 1, 2007 offered a new 6.7 L Cummins turbo diesel introduced as an option in 2500/3500 models replacing the 5.9 L. It produced 350 hp (260 kW) and 650 lb⋅ft (881 N⋅m). Unlike the 5.9 L which was backed by the 4-speed 48RE Transmission, the 6.7 L was equipped with the new 6-speed 68RFE transmission.

2005 was the last year for the first version of the 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8. 2006 half-ton models offered the Multi-Displacement System Hemi V8 engine that also became available in Chrysler and Dodge sedans. This engine featured the same performance but had a cylinder-deactivating feature enabled under light loads to increase fuel economy by 3 MPG city and 4 MPG hwy. This new Hemi still delivered 345 hp (257 kW) and 375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m).

Axles[edit]

For the 2003 model year, AAM axles replaced the Dana Corp axles. In the front all 2500 and 3500 trucks were 9.25-inch with 33 spline axles. The rear options for the 2500 and 3500 were the AAM (often referred to as "corporate") 10.5" and 11.5". Rear axle shafts are 30 spline. The rear 11.5" has a gear ratio "carrier split" at 3.73 and numerically higher, but the General Motors AAM axles used a different carrier spacing preventing installation of a Chrysler carrier into some GM axles, but the GM carrier can be installed in the Chrysler axle if a ring gear spacer is installed. Strength is similar to their earlier Dana 70 and 80 counterparts. Direct comparisons are difficult as the axles are made with completely different metallurgy.

  • 2003 Dodge Ram diesel dually quad cab 2wd with the 5.9L Cummins Turbodiesel I6

  • 2005 Dodge Ram 1500 quad cab with the 5.7L Hemi V8

  • Sterling Bullet, a version of the Ram sold by Sterling Trucks with the 6.7L Cummins Diesel I6

Fourth generation (2009–2018; DS/DJ/D2)[edit]

Fourth generation
Overview
Also calledRam 1500 (2010–present)
Ram 2500/3500 (2010–present)
Dodge Ram (South America)
Model years2009–2018
AssemblyWarren, Michigan (Warren Truck Assembly)
Saltillo, Mexico (Saltillo Truck Assembly)
DesignerRyan Nagode, Scott Krugger (2006)[12]
Body and chassis
Body style2-Door Regular Cab
4-Door Quad-Cab
4-Door Crew-Cab
4-Door Mega-Cab
Dually
RelatedDodge Durango
Powertrain
Engine

3.7 L (226 cu in) PowerTechV6
3.6 L (220 cu in) Chrysler Pentastar V6
4.7 L (287 cu in) V8
3.0 L (183 cu in) Eco-Diesel V6
5.7 L (345 cu in) HEMI V8
6.4 L (392 cu in) HEMI V8

6.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins Turbo-DieselI6
Transmission4-speed 45RFEautomatic[13]
5-speed 545RFE automatic
6-speed 66RFE automatic
6-speed 68RFE automatic
6-speed G56 manual
8-speed 845RE automatic (2013–)[14]
6-speed Aisin AS68RC automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase

4500/5500 Crew Cab MWB: 197.2 in (5,010 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab Ext. LWB: 204.3 in (5,190 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab LWB: 192.3 in (4,880 mm)
Reg. Cab Short Bed: 120 in (3048 mm)

Reg. Cab Long Bed & Quad Cab: 140 in (3556 mm)
2WD 2500 Crew Cab SWB: 149.4 in (3,790 mm)
4WD 2500 Crew Cab SWB: 148.9 in (3,780 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB 2WD: 169.4 in (4,300 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB 4WD: 168.9 in (4,290 mm)
Regular Cab 2500 : 140.5 in (3,570 mm)
3500 Regular Chassis Cab: 143.4 in (3,640 mm)
3500 Regular Cab LWB: 167.4 in (4,250 mm)
3500 Crew Cab: 172.3 in (4,380 mm)
4500 & 5500 Regular Cab LWB: 144.3 in (3,670 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab MWB: 168.3 in (4,270 mm)
4500/5500 Crew Cab SWB: 173.3 in (4,400 mm)
Length4500/5500 Crew Cab MWB: 287.0 in (7,290 mm)
4500/5500 Crew Cab SWB: 263.0 in (6,680 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab Ext. LWB: 294.1 in (7,470 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab LWB: 282.1 in (7,170 mm)
Crew Cab 3500: 259.4 in (6,590 mm)
2500 LWB Crew Cab: Regular Cab: 209.0 in (5,310 mm)
Extended Cab: 226.9 in (5,760 mm)
Quad Cab: 229.0 in (5,820 mm)
Crew Cab: 227.5 in (5,780 mm)
2500 Crew Cab SWB: 237.4 in (6,030 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB: 259.4 in (6,590 mm)
Regular Cab 2500: 231.0 in (5,870 mm)
3500 Chassis Cab: 234.1 in (5,950 mm)
3500 Regular Cab LWB: 258.1 in (6,560 mm)
3500 Crew Cab & 4500/5500 Regular Cabs: 263.0 in (6,680 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab: 234.1 in (5,950 mm)
Width2,017 mm (79.4 in)
Heavy Duty Crew Cab, 4500, 5500 & 3500: 79.1 in (2,010 mm)
Heavy Duty Regular Cab: 78.9 in (2,000 mm)
Height73,3-80,6 (1862-2047)
73.3-73.9 (1500 4x2)
74.1-74.8 (1500 4x4)
73.3-73.7 (2500 4x2)
75.7-77.7 (2500 4x4)
78.0-78.8 (3500)
79.8-80.6 in (4500/5500)

The fourth generation Dodge Ram was introduced at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.[15] This latest generation was sold as the 2009 Dodge Ram 1500 starting in Fall 2008. The 2500, 3500, 4500 and 5500 models were later added to the lineup. In 2010, the Ram Trucks brand was separated from Dodge.

Chrysler LLC attempted to keep the Ram competitive in the market through various developments for the 2009 model, including a new four-door cab style offering, new suspension, a new hemi engine option, and the Rambox, a new storage system that allows secure storage inside the truck’s bed walls. Later models have the Rambox system tied in with the remote keyless system[16]

Class exclusive manual transmission[edit]

Since 2011, Ram trucks are marketed as having "class-exclusive" manual transmissions. This is because the competitors stopped making manual transmissions available in the domestic market. Chevrolet Silverado trucks discontinued the option of a manual transmission after model year 2006. Ford Super Duty trucks discontinued the option of a manual transmission after model year 2010. This applies to Class 2, Class 3, Class 4 and Class 5 trucks. 2011 and 2012 models make 350 horsepower and 610 lb-ft of torque. Horsepower remained the same for 2013 models, torque however, was increased to 660 lb-ft of torque. Engine output remained the same for 2014 models.

Cab options[edit]

The Mega Cab option was deleted, at least on the 1500 model, replaced by a true four-door crew cab.[17] Other cab options are regular cab and quad cab. The mega cab option remains on the 2500/3500 models. Like the previous generation, the mega cab uses the same wheelbase and overall length as the crew cab/long bed configuration, but instead of using a long bed, the rear cab is extended. Legroom remains unchanged, but the rear seats are able to recline.[18]

Handling[edit]

A coil spring five-link rear suspension replaces the leaf-springs for the 1500.

Payload capacities[edit

1993 W250 Club Cab. Pre-1994 Cummins-engined Dodge pickups are often termed a "1st Gen Cummins"
2006–2008 Dodge Ram 1500 Quad Cab

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