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Organ donation means that an organ is transferred from the body of one person to that of another person. This is done by a process called transplantation. The quality of life of the person who receives the organ is improved to various degrees.
The donor is the person providing the organ to the recipient, who receives the organ through a surgery called transplantation.
Organs that can be transplanted are the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, skin, and thymus.
Tissues include bones, tendons, corneas, heart valves, and veins.
Worldwide, the kidneys are the most commonly transplanted organs, followed closely by the liver and then the heart.
The cornea, bones, and muscles are the most commonly transplanted tissues.
It is important for people to be aware that donating an organ or tissue changes the life of a fellow human being.
The field of medicine called Regenerative medicine has made scientific advances to grow or create organs or tissues from stem cells.
Still there is great demand for organs.
Iran is the only country regulating donors selling one of their kidneys for payment. There is no waiting list.
Here is your short essay on Organ Donation !
Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save him from death or other critical conditions like paralysis.
Any person above the age of 18 is eligible to become a donor irrespective of the background. Even younger population under 18 can donate with permission from parent or guardian. The most surprising fact about organ donation is that some organs can be donated even when a person is alive. Most organs are however transplanted only after the donor is dead. By getting registered as a donor with some trust, one gets a donor card which makes him/her eligible for donation soon after his/her death. A single donor’s body can save up to 50 people. Age is not a constraint, which means that people aged 70 or 80 also can become successful donors.
There is no dearth of people who need critical organs like kidney, lungs, liver or heart which has malfunctioned in their body due to critical disease or may be congenitally underdeveloped in their bodies. Not just organs but tissues can also be donated. Kidneys, lungs, pancreas, heart, small bowel and liver are chief organs that are donated for transplantation.
Similarly the tissues of cornea, bone, skin, tendons, cartilage and heart valves can be used for donation. Also when a donor decides to opt for organ donation after his death, he can decide to donate the whole body or specific body parts as desired. Most countries have an established organ donation association which is approved and legalized to collect the organs donated by people in that country. These organs may be preserved or immediately used for transplantation in any person’s body needing them.
Until the time of recovery, it is important that blood and oxygen flow through the person’s body so that it is suitable for transplantation.
Organ donation is also possible after a brain death but all possible tests must be conducted to confirm it so that donation is possible. Even a deceased person who is not on the donor registry of the country can donate with suitable authorization from spouse or close relative. It is the donation professionals who decide which organs from the deceased person’s body can be transplanted.
For people who suffer from serious ailments threatening lives, organ donation is often the only possibility to get a second chance of survival. The number of people waiting for organ donation across the world is manifolds the number of organ donations that actually happen. Thus not every one in this world who needs transplantation is fortunate enough to receive an appropriate donor.
Tissue can be donated within 24 hours of death. Organ donation can save many lives and thus we must step forward for this noble job. Whether you considered doing charity and other noble deeds in lifetime or not, but death is definitely an opportunity when you can contribute to humanity by the act of organ donation.